What is a Stock Split?

A couple of months ago, Apple and Tesla, split their stock. Apple did a four-for-one split and Tesla split its stock five-for-one. This made big news, but it is not always clear to the general public what this means.   What is a Forward Stock Split? A stock...

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What’s in a Title?

Regulating the Use of Financial Planner or Financial Advisor If someone were to tell you that they were a financial planner or a financial advisor, what would be your first thought? Mutual fund salesperson? Or perhaps, life insurance salesperson? Before I became involved in financial services...

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Sequence of Returns Risk

Coping with the Uncertainty of Investment Returns Imagine that you have been putting away $10,000 at the beginning of each year from 2002 until 2019. For the sake of this example, taxes and commissions are excluded; you have been investing that money into the Canadian stock...

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Behavioural Finance: Investor Personality

Gender and Investing Writing on gender is almost guaranteed to get the author in hot water. What value is there in discerning differences between men and women? From the point of view of the investment advisor, it seems like another justification for stereotyping the client rather...

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When should I begin taking CPP?

It is the nature of my profession that I read a lot about personal financial matters. One of the most difficult of such matters has to do with retirement. Financial economists will say that retirement planning is difficult because there are so many variables, or...

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